South Asians for Human Rights

Promoting Democracy, Upholding Human Rights

Pakistan’s human rights watchdog today appealed to President Mamnoon Hussain to halt the imminent execution of a mentally-challenged death row prisoner.

In a communication, the Human Rights Commission of (HRCP) brought to Hussain’s attention the disposal by the Supreme last week of a plea in support of death row prisoner Imdad Ali who has been diagnosed with schizophrenia.

The concluded that simply because schizophrenia was a “recoverable disease”, it did not fall within the definition of “mental disorder” under the Mental Health Ordinance, 2001.

HRCP expressed serious concerns regarding the reasoning of the in the matter and stated that the decision raised the question whether judges could decide on matters which by their very nature needed to be judged on the basis of expert advice.

HRCP said in reaching this conclusion, the apex had disregarded universally recognised diagnostic tools, including the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) and jurisprudence under Pakistani case law on mental health, and had instead relied upon Indian case law, in particular on a reported judgment by India’s Supreme on the Hindu Marriage Act regarding dissolution of marriage.

It said the ruling also sets a dangerous precedent for the treatment of accused persons with schizophrenia by the criminal justice system.

It called upon the president to urgently intervene to ensure that Ali’s imminent execution is halted and the hanging of mentally challenged persons is abandoned.

The Supreme ruled that schizophrenia is “not a permanent mental disorder” but a “recoverable disease” that could be treated by drugs.

Ali was diagnosed with schizophrenia in prison in 2012. He will now be executed on November 2 in a prison in the city of Vehari, 300 kms from Lahore.

Ali, aged 50, was sentenced to death for the murder of a religious cleric in 2002.

reinstated the death penalty and established military courts after suffering its deadliest-ever terrorist attack when Taliban gunmen stormed an army school in Peshawar in December 2014 and killed 150 people, mostly children.

Since executions restarted, over 425 death row prisoners mostly convicted of terrorism have been hanged.

Updated On: October 27, 2016