South Asians for Human Rights

Promoting Democracy, Upholding Human Rights

New Delhi: In a statement released on Thursday, 14 citizens from South Asian countries have expressed concerns over the Citizenship (Amendment) Act, 2019 passed by the Narendra Modi government. The Act gives citizenship right to six non-Muslim communities from Bangladesh, Pakistan and Afghanistan – Hindus, Sikhs, Parsis, Jains, Buddhists and Christians – and has been criticised as being openly discriminatory.

It is “unacceptable” for any country to distinguish among citizens – “foreign or domestic” – on the basis of religion. It could also further deepen tensions among South Asian nations, they argue.

“We are further concerned that the announced India-wide National Register of Citizens, planned in one form or another as follow-up to the CAA, will make vulnerable tens of millions of people,” the signatories continue.

Read the full statement below

We independent citizens of countries neighbouring India wish to register our reservations about the Citizenship (Amendment) Act adopted by India’s Parliament, which aims to provide Indian citizenship to non-Muslims who approach from three countries – Pakistan, Bangladesh and Afghanistan.

The Act is discriminatory at the first instance because it targets Muslims beyond the stated intent of the law. It is unacceptable for any country including one with a secular Constitution to distinguish between citizens, foreign or domestic, on the basis of religion. Further, the Act has the potential to deepen geopolitical divides among the countries of South Asia at a time when they should be striving for peace and mutual understanding.

We are further concerned that the announced India-wide National Register of Citizens, planned in one form or another as follow-up to the CAA, will make vulnerable tens of millions of people. As observers of India, we had not understood citizenship to be a major problem in the country when compared to so many other pressing issues of social justice. We fear that such a programme will have deadly fallout during implementation, particularly for the 200 million Muslims living under the umbrella of the secular Constitution.

The signatories believe that India’s plans for growth and equity will be hurt by ill-advised attempts at social engineering, which will in turn also impact the population of the larger South Asian region. A weakened, insular India will not be able to take a stand on urgent matters confronting humanity, such as nuclear weaponisation, the climate crisis, hi-tech surveillance or the contagion of pollution.

We question the logic of the Indian Government wanting to extend citizenship to Hindus, Jains, Christians and Sikhs when there are also larger numbers of Muslims of different sects enduring intolerance in the three selected countries. Among others, these include Ahmedia and Shia, particularly Hazara, of Pakistan and Ahmediya of Bangladesh. The Tamil refugees of Sri Lanka in India as well as the Rohingya, of Myanmar and in Bangladesh refugee camps, are also vulnerable.

If the New Delhi authorities were seeking security for religious minorities in the three selected countries, they should have engaged in sustained diplomatic effort. We believe that, with its action, the Government of India has made religious minorities in the three countries more vulnerable than before.

The most logical approach for India is to join the 1951 UN Convention on Refugees, and to be open to foreigners of any faith or persuasion who seek refuge. Selecting non-citizens based on religion defies basic human values.

The rest of South Asia has long appreciated the spirit of inclusion and social justice that has marked modern India. We signatories of this statement are distressed by the decisive majoritarian turn in India as well as the intolerance evident in the ongoing crackdown on peaceful dissent.

A democratic, pluralist India that promotes solidarity, co-existence and mutual respect among diverse ethnic, religious and cultural communities within its borders is vital for a peaceful and stable South Asia as a whole.


  1. Arif Hasan, Karachi
  2. Beena Sarwar, Karachi
  3. Hameeda Hossain, Dhaka
  4. A. Rehman, Lahore
  5. Jayadeva Uyangoda, Colombo
  6. Kanak Mani Dixit, Lalitpur
  7. Mahesh Maskey, Kathmandu
  8. Mubashir Hasan, Lahore
  9. NayanTara Gurung Kakshapati, Lalitpur
  10. Pervez Hoodbhoy, Islamabad
  11. Pratyoush Onta, Lalitpur
  12. Serajul Islam Choudhury, Dhaka
  13. Shahidul Alam, Dhaka
  14. Sumathy Sivamohan, Peradeniya


Updated On: 26/DEC/2019